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Official Name: Kingdom of Cambodia
Motto: Nation- Religion – King
Government: Constitutional Monarchy.
HM Preah Bat Samdech preah Norodom Sihanouk, King of Cambodia. Samdech Hun Sen the Prime Minister.
Capital City:
Phnom Penh
Major Cities: Siem Reap, Shihanoukville, Battambang, Kompong Cham.

 

Geography
Cambodia covers 181,035 sq km (a little over half the size of Vietnam). The country’s maximum extent is about 580 km east west and 450 km north south. It is bound on the west by Thailand, on the north by Thailand and Laos, on the east by Vietnam and to the south by the Gulf of Thailand.

 

Climate
The climate of Cambodia is governed by two monsoons that set the rhythm of rural life. The cool, dry, northeastern monsoon, which carries little rain, blows from about November to April, From May to October, the southwestern monsoon bring strong winds, high humidity and heavy rains Even during the web season, in rarely rains in the morning, and even then only sporadically. Over the year temperatures average 27.5 degrees centigrade.

 

-Hot Season: March-May.
-Rainy Season: June-October
-Cool Season: November-February
-Clothing: Take cool casual clothes. It is preferable for women to cover their arms and legs, particularly when visiting a temple.
-Time: Cambodia is seven hours ahead of GMT. When it is midday in Cambodia is the previous evening in San Francisco, 1 AM in New York, 5 AM in London, 6 AM in France and 3 PM in Sydney.

 

Population: 13,094,442 estimation of 2001 (11.5 millions, National Population Census 1998)
-Ethnic groups: Khmer 90%, Khmer Islam, Vietnamese, Chinese, Hill tribe’s represent 10%.

 
Religion: The official religion is Theravada Buddhism and almost 90% of the population is of this faith. The rest are Muslims Christians and others.
Language: The official language is Khmer while the second language (spoken by educated people) is French. However, in recent years English has gained popularity. Chinese, Thai, and Vietnamese are used frequently, too.

 

Electricity: Electricity in Cambodia is 220 volts electric power sockets are round two pin varieties. Three pin plug adapters can be bought at the markets.
Money: Though Riel is the official currency, almost every business set their price in us dollars and can be exchanged into Riel at any sidewalk money changers at the price of USD1--= 4000 Riels (at the publication date October 2004)

 

Credit Card: Visa, JCB, MasterCard and American Express are the most widely accepted especially at the major hotels and restaurant in Phnom Penh, Siem Reap & Shihanoukville.
Traveler Checks: traveler checks can be changed only at a limit number of banks in Phnom Penh, Siem Reap, Shihanoukville, Battambang, and Kompong Cham.

 
How to make a phone call
There are two different type of telephone use in Cambodia:
-Hand phone: the first 3-digit prefix of a hand phone telephone number designates the hand phone system.
-Stationary Telephone: The first 3-dugit prefix of a stationary telephone number is an area code, which designates the province has its own unique 3-digit prefix. All telephone number listed in this diary with 023 prefix unless otherwise noted (855 000 000 000) country calling 3-digit prefix/area code 6-digit phone number.
-When dialing within a system or province it is only necessary to dial the 6-digit telephone number.
-When dialing between systems of province it is necessary to dial the 3-digit prefix and the 6-digit telephone number.
-When dialing from Cambodia to oversea: 001 + country code + city code + telephone number.
-When dialing from oversea to Cambodia use the 855 country calling code, omit 0 from the 3-digit prefix, dial the 6-digit, telephone number.
 
Customs: passengers fill out a form declaring jewelry, camera, equipment and other valuables. Antique objects are subject to inspection and seizure by customs authorities with no compensation made to travelers. Like any other countries Cambodia doest not allow revelers to to import weapons, explosives or narcotics, cocaine’s and drugs.
Health: Avoid unbottled water, ice and raw vegetables, peel vegetables and fruits Vaccinations are not required, except for cholera, typhoid and hepatitis for a visitor coming from infected areas. Malaria drugs are advisable, if traveling out of Phnom Penh, Siem Reap or Shihanoukville.
 
Business hours: Government offices open from 7:30 am to 5:00 pm on weekday. The lunch breakfast is from 12:00 am to 2:00 pm. Most of restaurants, food and business hours are from 7:30 am or 8:00 am to 11:30 or 12:00 Noon and 2:00 pm to 5:30 or 6:00 pm and some places are open till 11:00 pm.
 
Postal Service: The main post office is located on the corner of streets 102 and 13 to the east of Wat Phnom. From here you can send parcels, telegrams and faxes. You can also make phone calls. Open daily 6:30 am to 5:00 pm.
 

Greeting: The Cambodian traditionally greets each other with the “sompiah”, which involves pressing the hands together in prayer and bowing. In general the higher the hands and the lower the bow the more respect is shown. In recent decades this custom has been partially replaced by the western practice of shaking hands with each other, women usually use the traditional greeting with both men and women.

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